Mining the microbiomes from marine wood-digesting bivalves for novel lignocellulose depolymerizing enzymes (META-MINE) | Marinebiotech

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Mining the microbiomes from marine wood-digesting bivalves for novel lignocellulose depolymerizing enzymes (META-MINE)

Abstract

Lignocellulose is a greatly undervalorized biomass and methodologies to convert it to high-value products needs fortification. A critical step in biorefining is the enzymatic conversion of lignocellulose to soluble sugars and lignin. The cost and the efficiency of enzymes is far from optimal and new enzymes are needed to improve the efficiency and sustainability of lignocellulose depolymerization. Through META-MINE, we will exploit the process strategies of nature’s own micro-biorefinery, the shipworm. Shipworms are voracious animals with respect to their appetite for wood. Their digestive system is especially intriguing. Wood engulfed by mechanical rasping is digested by enzymes secreted by a community of symbiotic bacteria located in the gill tissue. Current model systems for the study of cellulose degradation are highly complex (e.g. community driven anaerobe systems in ruminants and the intricate secreted enzyme systems of aerobic fungi), and challenging to analyze. The shipworm gill symbionts are specialists in lignocellulose degradation and perform this task by applying a perfected enzyme cocktail in a defined and physiochemically stable environment. Thus, by unravelling the contributions of the individual enzymes in the shipworm cocktail, we have the opportunity to take a leap forward in understanding the fundamental properties of enzymatic lignocellulose degradation. META-MINE will use the shipworms as a model system for a holistic study of marine lignocellulose degradation and mine the metagenomes for novel lignocellulose depolymerizing enzymes.

Coordinator

Bjørn Altermark, The Arctic University of Norway

Consortium

Name

Organisation

Country

Bjørn Altermark

The Arctic University of Norway

Norway

Gustav Vaaje-Kolstad

Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Norway

Luisa Borges

L3 Scientific Solutions

Germany

Rolf Daniel         

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Romania

Ana-Maria Tanase

University of Bucharest

Norway

Raul Bettencourt University of the Azores/OKEANOS

Azores, Portugal

Factsheet

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